People with diabetes may suffer some skin complications. Up to 33 percent of people with diabetes have, at some point in life, skin complications caused or affected by diabetes. In fact, such problems are sometimes the first sign that the person has diabetes. Fortunately, you can be prevented or easily treated most skin conditions if detected early.
What are these skin complications?
Some of these skin complications are disorders that anyone can have, but are more common in people with diabetes. They include infections with bacteria and fungi, and itching. Other disorders only occur in people with diabetes as diabetic dermopathy, necrobiosis, necrobiosis diabetic, diabetic blisters, and eruptive xanthomatosis.
Various types of bacterial infections or skin complications occur in people with diabetes:
Styes (infections of the glands of the eyelid)
Folliculitis (infection of the hair follicles)
Carbuncles (deeper skin infections and tissue underneath this)
infections around nails
Usually inflamed tissues are warm, swollen and red, and painful. Several different organisms can cause infections. The most common bacteria are staphylococcus.
Previously bacterial infections were life threatening, especially for people with diabetes. Today, this kind of death is rare thanks to antibiotics and better methods of control of blood glucose.
But even now, people with diabetes have more bacterial infections than others. Doctors believe that people with diabetes can reduce the chance of these infections through good skin care.
Fungal or fungal infections in people with diabetes are often due to Candida albicans. This yeast-like fungus can cause itchy rashes that cause wet areas, ruddy, surrounded by tiny blisters and scales. These infections often occur in warm, moist skin folds. Problem areas are under the breasts, around the nails, between the fingers, at the corners of the mouth, under the foreskin (in uncircumcised men), in the armpits and groin.
Common fungal infections include jock itch, athlete’s foot, ringworm (ring-shaped area that itches) and vaginal infection that causes itching.
If you think you have a yeast infection, call your doctor. To cure needs to prescribe a medicine.
Often localized itching is caused by diabetes. The cause may be a yeast-like fungal infection, dry skin, or poor circulation. When poor circulation is the cause of itching, it is possible that areas that are more sting the lower parts of the legs.
Perhaps you can treat yourself itching. Limit the frequency of their bathrooms, especially when humidity is low. Use a mild soap with moisturizer and apply skin cream after bathing.
Skin complications & diabetes – Different types
Acanthosis nigricans is a condition in which elevated patches or brown tanned appearance on the sides of the neck, armpits and groin are presented. Sometimes also they leave in the hands, elbows and knees.
Acanthosis nigricans usually affects people who are very overweight. The best treatment is to lose weight. Some creams can help improve stains.
Diabetes can cause changes in the small blood vessels. These changes can cause skin problems called diabetic dermopathy.
Often dermopathy appears as scaly patches brown. These stains can be oval or circular. Some people think they are age spots. This disorder occurs most often in the front of the legs. But it is possible that the legs are not affected to the same degree. The spots do not hurt, neither open nor sting.
The skin disease is harmless and requires no treatment.
Necrobiosis diabetic Lipoidica:
Another disease that can be caused by changes in blood vessels is diabetic necrobiosis necrobiosis (NLD). This produces similar to diabetic dermopathy spots, but fewer, larger and deeper.
Necrobiosis often emerges as an opaque, reddish and elevated. After a while, it seems a bright scar with violet edge. It is possible to see the blood vessels beneath the skin more easily. Sometimes it causes itching and pain. Sometimes stains open.
Necrobiosis is rare. Adult women are more prone to it. While not open sores do not need treatment. But if you have open sores, go to the doctor to get treatment.
Allergic skin reactions may occur as a reaction to medications such as insulin or pills for diabetes. If you think you are having a reaction to a drug, you should consult your doctor. Watch for rashes, depressions or protrusions at the points where insulin is injected.
Diabetic blisters (Bullosis diabeticorum):
In rare cases, people with diabetes will get blisters. Diabetic blisters can leave on the back of the hands, fingers, feet and sometimes in the legs or forearms. These sores appear due to burns and blisters, more often on people with diabetic neuropathy. Sometimes they do not hurt or cause redness around. They heal by themselves, usually without causing scars, in about three weeks. The only treatment is to control the level of glucose in the blood.
Eruptive xanthomatosis is another condition caused by uncontrolled diabetes. It consists of dilations of skin that are firm and appear yellow peas or peas. Each package has a red halo and perhaps pique. This condition occurs most often in the back of the hands, feet, arms, legs and buttocks.
The disorder usually occurs in young men with type 1 diabetes. Often the person has a high level of cholesterol and blood fat. As diabetic blisters, these bumps disappear when diabetes is reset.
Sometimes people with diabetes are tight, thick, waxy skin on the back of hands. Furthemore, sometimes the skin on the toes and forehead also thickens. The finger joints become stiff and can not move as they should. Rarely, knees, ankles or elbows also get stiff.
This condition occurs in about one third of people with diabetes type 1. The only treatment is to control the level of glucose in the blood.
Disseminated granuloma annulare:
With disseminated granuloma annulare, the person has very defined and ring-shaped or arc elevated areas on the skin. These eruptions occur more often in parts of the body away from the trunk (eg, fingers or ears). But sometimes the raised areas occur on the trunk. They may be reddish, or brownish color of the skin.
See your doctor if you have such eruptions. There are medications that can help improve this condition.
Basic care for hands and feet
Hands and feet are some of the areas of our body that we sometimes forget in our care and beauty routine. They are one of the parts of the body where the passage of time is reflected. The skin is thin and fragile and are actually subjected daily to multiple attacks: the contrasts of temperature, friction, detergents …. etc.
Following a few simple tips for skin complication and how we can get our hands look radiant, beautiful and healthy:
– Use gloves. We must keep hands protected from the cold and hot. Especially at this time of year.
– Moisturizing cream -Apply several times a day. If you make the application from the fingertips to the wrist, you will be activating the circulation while improving absorption of the cream.
– Avoid using very hot water to wash your hands. Use a mild soap and nutritious, and let them dry.
– At night before bedtime, you can apply a generous layer of cream and put some cotton guanes while sleeping. With the effect of heat, the skin will absorb the moisturizer dote and the next morning your hands will be soft and hydrated.
Perfect feet day care to prevent skin complications:
– Use proper shoes. Feet are very important part of the body because they support our entire body weight. Footwear should be appropriate and how and should not press.
– Hydrates your feet. If you have very dry feet, almond oil is a great ally. If you want to give them an extra hydration, as with the hands, would apply the cream all night putting socks to avoid staining the sheets. The next morning will be much better.
– Make once a week a foot bath. Immerse your feet in warm water with coarse salt for at least half an hour. Dry and pass a pumice, performing a massage in circles. Reintroducing the feet in water and remove them.
– You can add the water a few drops of essential tea tree oil to prevent possible fungi and bacteria and then dry them thoroughly, insisting between the fingers for the same reason.
– The nails of our feet should also be given attention. It is very important to correctly cut square to prevent breakage, breaking or snagging on your socks.