Did you know there are different types of severe acne? Before focus on this topic, let’s review what acne is and what can we do to prevent it.
Acne is a skin disease that affects the sebaceous gland. They are attached to the skin pores through a canal called follicle. If these glands produce too much oil, the pores can become clogged, causing the pimple. Moreover, it usually accumulates dirt, bacteria and cells, causing infection.
Different reasons why you can get acne
- certain drugs
- abuse of certain foods
- skin mistreatment
- some makeovers
It’s more common that acne affects the face. It is not a disease that damages health, although its effects are unsightly and annoying. Everyone can suffer from acne and, in fact, is a very common condition.
Acne can be a traumatic disease for many people who suffer because it can affect self-esteem, especially in teens. They tend to be affected more often due to hormonal changes they experience. But young people are not the only ones. In fact, acne is one of the most common diseases. However, not all acne lesions are the same. There are many types of acne according to the variety of pimple. It is important to know the characteristics of each type as each requires a different treatment.
Acne can be classified according to the type of injuries distinguishing inflammatory and noninflammatory.
If we look at the type of lesions and the severity of them, acne can be classified into several degrees:
- Mild acne.
- Moderate acne.
- Severe acne.
In the previous article we learned about mild acne or acne vulgaris, which is the most common type of acne.
The second type of acne is Acne Rosacea, which is similar to acne vulgaris. While these two types of acne are often confused, there is a difference between them. Acne rosacea only occupies one third of the middle part of the face, usually the forehead, nose and cheeks.
This type of acne affects millions of people, most of whom are women in their 30s, but it seems that men are generally those with the most severe cases. Symptoms of acne rosacea are skin rashes and swollen skin. There are cases where the blood vessels may become visible. It appears as a red rash that is usually limited to the cheeks, nose, forehead and chin. The redness is often following by swelling, pimples and skin blemishes. Blackheads are not part of rosacea.
Acne rosacea is more common in women, but when it occurs in men is often more severe and difficult to treat. Although rosacea is often confused with acne vulgaris, you should visit a dermatologist if you think you are affected. If rosacea is left untreated, it can cause inflammation and tissue overgrowth of the nose, a condition called rhinophyma.
Rhinophyma is a rare skin disorder characterized by red nose. Sometimes called phymatous bulbous nose or rosacea. Rhinophyma usually appears in the later stages of rosacea. The result is usually a large mass in the lower half of the nose, which creates a very noticeable distortion in most cases.
Treatment is different for acne rosacea and acne vulgaris, so it is important to consult a dermatologist if you suspect you have acne rosacea.
People who suffer from any of the above mentioned types of acne, often experience much physical and emotional pain, mostly caused by a series of embarrassments.
Types of Severe Acne
The most common types of Severe Acne are:
- Facial Pyoderma
- Acne Fulminans
- Folliculitis Gram Negative
- Acne Conglobata
This is a serious acne type that only affects women, usually between the ages of 20 to 40 years. In Facial Pyoderma appears large painful nodules, pustules and sores, which can leave marks for life to heal. It begins abruptly and may occur in the skin of a woman who has never had acne before. Usually appears on the face and does not last more than a year, but can disappear in a very short time.
This is a sudden onset of acne conglobata that typically affects young men. It is a severe form of acne affecting the face, chest and back. It characterizes by multiple inflamed and uninflamed nodules and often with some open ulcers. As with acne conglobata, traces of acne fulminans can end up disfiguring the face.
A person with this type of severe acne is an extreme case of cystic and nodular acne and is prone to severe scarring. Acne fulminans has a unique appearance, without subsequent repetitions, often appears with fever and joint pain. This type of acne does not respond well to antibiotics. Isotretinoin (Accutane) and oral steroids are most often having effect.
This condition is a bacterial infection, features by pustules and cysts. It possibly occurs due to a complication of acne vulgaris, resulting from a long-term treatment with antibiotics. It is a rare disease and not know if it is more common in men or women. A special case of acne should be treated by medical specialists and dermatologists.
Acne conglobata is a rare and very severe form of acne and can affect the back, buttocks, chest, shoulders, arms, thighs, and even the face. It characterizes by producing abscesses and scarring, sometimes with multi blackheads. This is the most severe form of acne vulgaris and is more common in men.
This type of acne can cause severe and irreversible damage to the skin, including scars able to deform the face. This condition is essentially a combination of acne pustules and nodules, but also can have bacterial infections.
The age of onset for acne conglobata is usually between 18 and 30 years, and the condition can remain active for many years. Nobody really knows what the cause of acne conglobata is, but often develops if existing acne deteriorates and erupts suddenly. Acne conglobata affects adults, more young men than women, although even been developed in some children.
Treatment usually includes isotretinoin (Accutane). Although this form of acne is sometimes resistant to treatment over time it can be controlled if the measures are appropriate.
Acne may be an obstacle to achieving the level of self-respect and confidence in yourself. The best time to treat your acne problem is now. In that way you can avoid any further damage to your skin and complications that may further affect your self-esteem.